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Alterations in the Common Pathway of Coagulation During Weight Loss Induced by Gastric Bypass in Severely Obese Patients.

The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), antithrombin-III (ATIII), fibrinogen, and white blood cell (WBC) levels in severely obese patients. We analyzed various plasma parameters implicated in the intrinsic and extrinsic coagulation pathway from 34 severely obese patients before and 1, 6, and 12 months after gastric bypass. In obese people, ATIII, fibrinogen, and WBC levels were in the upper limit of the normal range, and all were higher and significantly different from nonobese people. After bariatric surgery, the ATIII level continued to be high during the first month and increased until 12 months, while fibrinogen decreased only at that time. PAI-1 plasma protein and PAI-1 mRNA levels in liver and adipose tissue…